“The study of geography is about more than just memorizing places on a map. It’s about understanding the complexity of our world, appreciating the diversity of cultures that exists across continents. And in the end, it’s about using all that knowledge to help bridge divides and bring people together.” – Barrack Obama



Geography is the science which strives to explain the world surrounding us and the impact of both natural and man-made factors and events. It is more fitting to view Geography as a broad academic subject and not just a single subject. The field of Geography is divided into 2 main branches – Physical Geography and Human Geography.


Physical Geography refers to the study of physical processes and natural environment, relating to Earth Sciences. Examples include the climate, weather systems, earthquakes and rock formation. On the other hand, Human Geography refers to human societies and the relations between people and planet. In this instance, it leans towards aspects of social science such as Anthropology, Sociology and Politics with issues such as population changes, cultural or religious practices, and aspects of globalisation. Generally, BSc/MSc options correspond to Physical Geography whereas BA/MA is in accord with Human Geography.


Thus, there is a myriad of topics for Geography undergraduates to choose to specialise in. Examples of specialisations include, and not limited to, Cultural Geography, Environmental Geography, Glaciers and Glaciations, Historical Geography, Hydrology, Political Geography, Population Geography, Urban Geography & Urban Studies to name some.

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Graduates with a degree in Geography have the opportunity to pursue a career that assist in developing solutions to some of the most pressing problems modern society are currently facing (Climate Change, Natural Disasters, Overpopulation, Urban Expansion, Multicultural Integration). Careers include Cartographer, Town Planner, Environmental Consultant, Geographical Information Systems (GIS) Officer, Conservation Officer, Recycling Officer, Landscape Architect, Lecturer/Teacher, or Researchers. In addition, Geography graduates may utilise their skills to other industries in commerce, public sector, transport or even tourism.


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Institutions with Geography

There are numerous institutions worldwide that offers excellent courses in Geography. In the UK, listed below are several institutions placed in the Top 50 in the World for its Geography Courses:


  University Rank
  Durham University 7th
  The University of Edinburgh 14th
  The University of Exeter 15th
  SOAS, University of London = 21st
  The University of Manchester = 21st
  University of Leeds 24th
  University of Bristol 29th
  The University of Sheffield 41st
  The University of Nottingham 46th
  Newcastle University 50th

Source: QS World University Rankings by Subject 2017 (Geography)


Similarly, listed below are several top UK institutions with highly recognised Geography courses locally: Lancaster University (5th), Keele University (8th), Coventry University (9th), Loughborough University (13th), University of Southampton (14th), Royal Holloway, University of London (15th), University of Greenwich (17th), and Cardiff University (19th).

[The Guardian University Guide 2017 (Geography & Environmental Studies)]


Likewise, if you are interested to study Geography in Australia/New Zealand, The Australian National University (10th), The University of Sydney (17th), and The University of Auckland (34th) could be taken into consideration with their rankings in the Top 20 in the World. [QS World University Rankings by Subject 2017 (Geography)]


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